Loadshedding in South Africa has been devastating for both private citizens and businesses alike and the negative effects can’t be understated. This creates a logistics headache for distribution centres wishing to keep the lights on and operating as normal.
Distribution centres can range from average energy consumption rates for normal distribution centres to a high energy consumption rate for distribution centres that require refrigeration or other specialised storage requirements.
This creates such an issue because according to Meteor Space, the average non-refrigerated warehouse consumes 6.1 kilowatt-hours (kWh), and according to ASIdoors this figure jumps to 25 kWh per square foot of refrigeration per year in the case of refrigerated distribution centres. In this article, we will look at what measure’s distribution centres can take to keep the lights on and keep business flowing within their walls.
The energy solution will depend on a few important factors
Before choosing what type of solution fits your DCs best, it’s important to consider following four elements and take them into account when looking at power solutions.
- Your rate of power consumption.
- The size of your DCs.
- The location of DCs.
- The type of DCs.
This list will help us determine, what size and type of backup power solution your distribution centres will require and if your warehouse has the size to make certain systems viable such as solar which work well over a large surface area.
Finally, the specific type of DC will allow us to determine whether generators are a viable solution i.e., if your DC has special storage conditions such as refrigeration which will require a higher maximum power output.
Main backup power options for distribution centres
Generators – traditionally – have the advantage of a higher maximum power output over an option such as inverters. The downside of this however is that the cost viability of using generators as a backup system is largely linked to the price of the fuel they use to run.
While useful in the context of distribution centres which require larger quantities of electricity, generators can be extremely loud and in addition, they must be run in a well-ventilated area due to the fumes they emit.
Solar energy and batteries
Solar is one of the ideal energy alternatives for distribution centres, this is because of the open and unobstructed nature of most distribution warehouse rooftops providing a large surface area for solar panels to be placed.
Additionally, solar systems have another advantage which is their ability to generate their own electricity, which in times of stable power supply can be used in place of, or to supplement the draw of power from the national grid – effectively lowering operating costs.
While the upfront costs of installing solar systems and batteries are generally higher than a generator solution, the long-term benefits of lowering operating costs are a factor to consider with this backup solution.
While inverters cannot output the large quantity of electricity that generators can and don’t have the self-generating advantages of solar energy, they can be used in areas generators cannot, such as indoor areas as inverters don’t generate fumes.
Additionally, inverters can be used in combination with solar panels, where the solar panels charge the inverter instead of the inverter being charged through the grid for later use.
These systems are normally referred to as hybrid systems functioning by charging off the mains as well as a solar source.
Inverters also have the benefit of having a quick switch over time meaning a short downtime between the time the electricity goes off and the time it takes the inverter to restore the flow of electricity.
In the context of distribution centres this not only prevents systems from needing to perform a full restart as power is restored in as quickly as 300 milliseconds.
Inverters also assist in preventing power surges from reaching and damaging the main systems within the distribution centres as power can be fed through the inverters batteries rather than directly from the grid to the various devices within the distribution warehouse effectively creating a barrier between surges and your devices.
Each of these solutions has different benefits and downsides however choosing the right one for your distribution warehouse is vital given the unreliable state of the electrical grid in South Africa. The long-term power savings for your distribution centre are also important to consider, as options such as solar can significantly lower operational costs.
The Five Best Types of Garage Doors for Warehouses in South Africa
Navigating the vast world of warehouse garage doors in South Africa’s rich and diverse landscape isn’t just about picking the strongest or the fastest. It’s about understanding local nuances, from our dynamic weather patterns to regional concerns. Here’s a down-to-earth guide to picking the right garage door for your warehouse in South Africa.
1. Roll-Up Doors
Tough as Nails
Built with interlocking sections of steel or aluminium, they’re designed to take a beating. these doors are less sensitive to ware and tear and are perfect for humid climates.
They neatly coil up, ideal for those tall warehouse structures.
Robust by design, they add that extra shield against potential break-ins, offering peace of mind.
2. Sectional Overhead Doors
Their insulation options are perfect for those chilly Free State mornings or scorching Northern Cape afternoons.
From steel frameworks to nifty window inclusions, there’s a fit for every warehouse’s unique character.
Up and Out of the Way
They rise vertically, neatly tucking away on the ceiling of the warehouse entryway.
3. High-Speed Doors
If your operations can’t afford a pause, these doors open and close in a flash.
Dust and Bug Busters
Their speedy action limits unwanted outdoor guests, crucial for some of South Africa’s more dusty locations. Additionally, warehouses containing items sensitive to insect infestation would benefit from the swift nature of these doors.
4. Sliding Steel Doors
Embrace the Wide Range
Ideal for oversized deliveries or large equipment flowing in and out of the warehouse.
With fewer parts in motion, they’re pretty low maintenance, which is always a consideration from a cost-over-time perspective. Keep in mind lower costs for your warehouse translate into lower costs further down the the supply chain.
With advancements in technology, automatic garage doors are making their mark in the South African warehouse scene. These doors, powered by advanced motors, open and close with a simple push of a button, offering the utmost convenience.
Designed for warehouses where efficiency is key, automatic doors eliminate the need for manual operations, speeding up entry and exit processes. Whether it’s for swift deliveries or timed logistics, these doors fit the bill.
Automatic doors often come with sophisticated security systems. From integrated alarms to CCTV monitoring capabilities, they don’t just offer ease of use but also an enhanced level of security. This is especially useful in areas where theft or break-ins are a concern.
Uniquely South African Factors to Consider When Choosing Your Warehouse Doors
1. Local Weather
From Durban’s humidity to Cape Town’s winter rains, consider how the elements might affect your choice. For example, while wooden doors might expand given the humidity, and steel doors will rust however aluminium doors are naturally more resistant to these corrosive effects.
2. Area Safety
In areas where security is paramount, a reinforced door can be a wise investment. As the situation on the ground can change rapidly. In a scenario where civil unrest takes place your warehouses entryways should be protected as extensively as possible to prevent unauthorised access.
3. Busy Bee
Depending on your warehouse traffic, consider whether you need a door that’s constantly on the go or one which will need to be opened and closed less frequently.
4. Power Play
If your area has sporadic power cuts, consider doors with manual overrides or backup power options. This is crucial in South Africa as we need to account for the effects of load-shedding on our warehouse and all its knock on effects.
Choosing a garage door for your warehouse in South Africa is more than just a logistical decision, it’s about understanding the lay of the land, both literally and figuratively.
By meshing global best practices with local insights, you’re poised to make a decision that’s both savvy and practical. Remember, when in doubt, chat with a local expert. They’ve often got a world of wisdom to share!
Cybersecurity in Modern Warehouses: What It Means for the Supply Chain
We get it, the warehouse is not just a place to store Items anymore. It is a hub of high-tech activity, where robots and computers outnumber humans.
While this tech transformation is amazing from an efficiency standpoint, it also has the potential to invite some uninvited cybercriminals. Let us chat about why we need to keep an eye on cybersecurity in our smart warehouses and what could happen to the supply chain if we do not.
Who’s at the Door? Unauthorised Access
Think of your warehouse software as the control room for a spaceship. You would not want just anyone taking the wheel, right? Hackers gaining unauthorised entry could wreak havoc on your smooth operations. For example should a hacker gain control of your warehouse management system, which is commonly used for inventory control, they would have the same eyes and ears on the warehouse as the owner would.
Data Breaches in Warehouses
Your warehouse system knows a lot about what is coming in, what’s going out, and exactly when these events take place. If a hacker gets their hands on this goldmine of data, it could spell trouble.
For example, picture a hacker knowing exactly what time of the day valuable cargo would be brought in or out of the warehouse. Not only does this give criminals a golden opportunity to strike at the perfect time, but this can also lead to information being leaked to your competitors, which can give them insights into how your warehouse operation maintains its edge.
Leading Types of Cyber Attacks
1. Systems Held for Ransom: Ransomware Attacks
Imagine coming into work to find your entire system locked up, with a note demanding money to set it free. Not the best way to start your day, is it? These types of attacks involve encrypting the device in question and typically demanding payment in the form of Bitcoin.
2. The Sneaky Gadgets: Device Vulnerabilities
All those IoT (internet of things) devices you use for inventory management are smart but can be a bit naive when it comes to cybersecurity. An insecure device can be an open door for hackers. Additionally, memory devices such as USB sticks can be compromised and unintendedly or intently plugged into the various systems within a warehouse.
3. Social Engineering
Social engineering is the art of manipulating people into divulging confidential information or performing actions that compromise security.
Unlike technical hacking that exploits vulnerabilities in software or hardware, social engineering exploits the most unpredictable factor in any security system, the human element.
Typically, social engendering involves tricking an employee of your warehouse who has high-level access to systems, Given the situation delivering this sensitive information is the correct course of action. Examples include phishing, where the attacker poses as a trusted entity to trick recipients into clicking malicious links or revealing sensitive data.
pretexting, where the scammer fabricates a scenario to extract information and tailgating, where an individual physically follows an authorised person to gain entry to a secure area.
Other techniques like baiting involve leaving malware-infected devices like USB drives inaccessible locations, capitalising on human curiosity.
In quid pro quo attacks, the attacker offers something in return, like free software, to trick the user into compromising their security. These methods highlight the range of tactics that rely on manipulating human behaviour rather than technical vulnerabilities.
The Domino Effect on the Supply Chain
One hitch at the warehouse can send ripples across the entire supply chain, affecting everyone from suppliers to customers.
It’s bad enough for the supply chain if one warehouse is compromised but if attackers find similar or identical vulnerabilities in multiple warehouses using the same systems, we can expect to start seeing as further attacks take place and more disruptions to the warehousing industry occur.
The Loss of Trust
Once bitten, twice shy. If your warehouse falls victim to a cyberattack, it is going to take some serious effort to rebuild trust with your partners and your customers.
The Butterfly Effect: Information Manipulation
In the supply chain, small data changes can lead to big problems. If a hacker messes with your numbers, they are essentially throwing a wrench into the whole machine which again has ripple effects further down the supply chain.
Potential Regulatory Penalties
If you thought your mom was strict, wait until you meet the regulatory bodies governing data security. Failure to protect your warehouse from cyber threats could result in some painful penalties. This is often why companies are at times hesitant to admit a data breach has taken place, as it can mean serious financial consequences in the form of fines and a loss of trust from the public.
How to Keep Your Warehouse Systems Safe
1. Regular Security Audits Are a Must
Just like you would regularly check the locks on your doors at home, you need to keep an eye on your digital defences.
3. Double Up: Multi-factor Authentication
Using more than one way to confirm your identity when logging in is like having two locks on your door. It is harder for intruders to break in.
4. Speak in Code: Data Encryption
Keep your important data locked in a digital safe by encrypting it. That way, even if someone does break in, they cannot do anything with it.
5. Smart Up: Security Awareness Training
Make sure everyone in your team knows how to spot a phishing email or suspicious activity. The more eyes watching, the better.
6. Keep a List of Who Has Access to Which Systems
It may sound paranoid, however the reason you should keep an access list is because in the event of a data breach, you can firstly narrow down who had the level of access required to do the damage, and secondly begin checking where the weakness the security chain took place if this is the case.
Keeping this list will also assist with training your warehouse employees on how to keep sensitive data as safe as possible, as anyone who has high-level access to systems will need to be well-trained in using security protocols such as two-factor authentication.
Our high-tech warehouses are amazing feats of human ingenuity, but they are also an attractive target for cybercriminals. The stakes are high not just for warehouse operations but for the supply chain at large.
Being savvy about cybersecurity is not a luxury, rather it is a necessity. By being vigilant and proactive, we can protect not just our warehouse but also our entire network of supply chain partners.
Merging MIS & WMS For Intelligent Warehousing
In today’s fast-paced business environment, it’s not just about staying ahead, it’s about being smart about how we do things.
Especially in the warehousing industry, the blend of Management Information Systems (MIS) and Warehouse Management Systems (WMS) is turning out to be quite the game-changer.
Let’s unpack what this means, how to make it happen, and why it could be a game-changer for your business.
MIS & WMS Explained
Think of Management Information Systems (MIS) as the brain behind your operations. It’s a technology system that gathers data and crunches numbers so your management team can make informed decisions. Whether it’s financial planning, workforce management, or long-term strategic decisions, MIS has got you covered.
On the other side, Warehouse Management Systems (WMS) are like the hands and eyes of your warehouse. This software is designed to make your warehouse work smarter, not harder. It takes care of tasks such as keeping tabs on your stock levels, managing orders, and even overseeing automated systems in the warehouse.
How to Combine Both: Integration Steps
So, what does it look like when MIS and WMS start working together? Essentially, you’re taking the brains and the brawn and making them collaborate for a more efficient operation.
1. Identify What Type of Problems Your Warehouse Faces
This step is key before anything else, get a fundamental understanding of what your warehouse needs most. For example, if your warehouse is having trouble keeping track of stock levels a WMS can be used to track stock levels.
A MIS can be used to provide managers with the necessary information about those stock levels to make decisions such as what items to order and in what priority.
2. Tech Compatibility
Check to make sure the systems can talk to each other. No one likes a communication breakdown. Additionally, if these systems can’t talk to each other effectively it’s possible to receive inaccurate or incomplete information, which only serves to cause confusion and delay.
3. Talk to the Pros
Get some expert advice on how to make this integration as smooth as possible. This will ensure the least possible disruptions to your warehousing operation occur during the implementation of these systems.
4. Test the Waters
Run a smaller-scale test to make sure everything is working as it should. This is your chance to iron out any kinks and ensure that these systems are providing accurate and complete data.
5. Go Live
Once you’re confident, roll out the integration in phases. Keep everyone in the loop and provide the training they’ll need to make the most of the new system.
6. Stay Updated
Regularly update the system and refresh your team’s training. You’ve got to keep up with the times. This also allows you to ensure that the security of your systems is up to date and your data is protected.
The Perks of Integrating MIS & WMS into Your Warehouse
1. Smarter Decision-Making
With WMS feeding live data into the MIS, your management can make decisions based on what’s happening, not just educated guesses.
2. Stock Level Management
Forecasting and analytics tools can help you keep just the right amount of stock. No more money wasted on excess inventory or rush orders.
The combination of MIS and WMS can automate tedious manual processes, reducing errors and making everyone’s life a bit easier in the process.
4. Cost Savings
More efficiency usually means lower operating costs. Who doesn’t want that?
5. Ready for Growth
As your business grows, a well-integrated system can easily adapt. Add new features or scale up your operations without breaking a sweat.
6. Helps Keep Your Customers Happy
Faster and more reliable service translates into satisfied customers. And happy customers often mean repeat business.
7. Tick All the Boxes
Compliance and reporting become more straightforward, reducing your risk of landing in hot water with regulators.
8. Resource Wisdom
Better data leads to better resource allocation, this allows you to put your best people, and your best assets where they can be most effective.
Remember the more data you collect the better your operation will be able to forecast seasonal trends in consumer demand. This will allow your warehousing operation to be better prepared for consumer demand as time goes by, and potentially spot opportunities based on historical data.
Joining forces between MIS and WMS is not just some tech upgrade. It’s fundamentally changing the way modern warehouses operate. From streamlining decision-making to saving costs and keeping customers happy, the benefits are hard to ignore.
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